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                                               MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY


                                                     The Importance of Insects and Other Arthropods

                                                          In The Spread of Human Diseases




     ----Please CLICK on desired underlined links to view:







Orders & Families

Diseases & Vectors

Identification Keys

Insect Morphology

Reknown Researchers

Biological Control




   Arthropoda,  Arachnida,  Crustacea,  Hexapoda


  Crustacea (aquatic) -- (ID)

     Pentastomida (Tongue Worms)

  Arachnida (ID) (Spiders, Scorpions, Mites, Ticks)

    Acarina (Mites) (ID)

      Ixodoidea (Ticks)

      Parasitoidea (Bird, Reptile & Mammal parasites)

      Sarcoptoidea (Bird, Mammal & Insect parasites)

      Trombidoidea (Chiggers)

      Tarsonemoidea (Itch mites)

      Tyroglyphoidea (Cause dermatitis)

      Demodicoidea (Hair-follicle mites)

Hexapoda (Insects) (ID)

 -- Insect Morphology -- Insect ID -- Insect Taxonomy

Medically Important Insect Orders & Families

    Blattaria (Cockroaches) [Formerly with Orthoptera] (ID)

    Phthiraptera, Anoplura) (Biting & Sucking lice) (ID)

   Hemiptera (Bedbugs, Assassin bugs) (ID-1) -- (ID-2)


    Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, Ants) (ID)

    Diptera (Flies, Mosquitoes, Biting flies & Midges) (ID-1)

           -- (ID-2)

    Ceratopogonidae (Heleidae) -- (Punkies, No-see-ums)

    Caliphoridae -- (Blowflies)

    Chloropidae -- (Eye gnats)

    Culicidae -- (Mosquitoes)

    Hippoboscidae -- (Mammal parasites)

    Muscidae -- (Housefly, Stablefly, Bushfly)

    Oestridae -- (Warble- & Bot flies)

    Orthoptera -- (Grasshoppers, Crickets)

    Psychodidae -- (Midges, Sand flies)

    Rhagionidae -- (Snipe flies)

    Sarcophagidae -- (Flesh flies)

    Simuliidae -- (Black flies, Buffalo gnats)

    Siphonaptera (Fleas) (ID)

    Tabanidae -- (Horse- & Deer flies)

    Myiasis Causing Flies (ID)

  Irritating & Disease-Causing Arthropods

  List of Illustrations



  Key References:     <medvet.ref.htm>     [Additional references may be found at: MELVYL Library]


Brusca, R. C., & G. J. Brusca.  2003.  Invertebrates. 2nd Edition. Sinauer Publ., Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Chapman, A. D.  2009.  Numbers of Living Species in Australia and the World. 2nd edition. Australian Govt, Dept. of Environ.,

       Water, Heritage & Arts. Canberra.

Cheng, Thomas C.  2012.  General Parasitology.  Elsevier Science. p. 660.

Colless, D.H.; McAlpine, D.K. (1991). The Insects of Australia. Volume 2. (2 ed.). CSIRO. pp. 754–755.

Edgecombe, G. D.,  G. Giribet, C. W. Dunn, A. Hejnol,  R. M. Kristensen,  R. C.  Neves,  G. W. Rouse,  K. Worsaae & M. V.

       Sørensen.  2011.  Higher-level metazoan relationships: Recent progress & remaining questions. Organisms Diversity &

       Evolution 11(2): 151-172.

Hechemy, K. E. & A. F. Azad.  2001.  Endemic typhus, and epidemic typhus.  IN:  The Encyclopedia of Arthropod-Transmitted

       Infections of Man and animals.

Hinkle, Nancy C. 2010. Ekbom Syndrome: The Challenge of “Invisible Bug” Infestations. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 55: 77–94.

Lane, R. P. & R. W. Crosskey.  1993. Medical insects and arachnids.  British Nat. Hist Mus., London, Springer Pub.

Matheson, R. 1950.  Medical Entomology.  Comstock Publ. Co, Inc.  610 p.

Service, M.  2008.  Medical Entomology For Students.  Cambridge Univ. Press.  289 p

Tudge, C. 2000. The Variety of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Legner, E. F.  1995.  Biological control of Diptera of medical and veterinary importance.  J. Vector Ecology 20(1): 59-120.

Legner, E. F.  2000.  Biological control of aquatic Diptera.  p. 847-870.  Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera,

       Vol. 1, Science Herald, Budapest.  978 p.

Mullen, G. & L. Durden.  2009.  Medical & Veterinary Entomology.  Academic Press  2009. 

Walker, A.R. (1994). Arthropods of Humans 7 Domestic Animals.  A Guide to Preliminary Identification..Springer Science &

       Business Media. pp. 78–79.


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