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Hippobosidae. -- The louse flies and sheep ked eggs and larvae develop within the mother fly and are nourished from glands. The "nits" pupate immediately upon being released. The adults are either winged or wingless. The winged species are dark brown and about the size of small houseflies and are common on birds. The sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus (L.) is wingless and parasitic on sheep.
Control of these flies is relatively simple. Subjecting animals to various sprays, dips and dusts in autumn is usually adequate. Also by removing sheep from old pens and spraying the pen area with insecticides eliminates the flies.
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