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Hippobosidae. -- The louse flies and sheep ked eggs and larvae develop within the mother fly and are nourished from glands. The "nits" pupate immediately upon being released. The adults are either winged or wingless. The winged species are dark brown and about the size of small houseflies and are common on birds. The sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus (L.) is wingless and parasitic on sheep.


Control of these flies is relatively simple. Subjecting animals to various sprays, dips and dusts in autumn is usually adequate. Also by removing sheep from old pens and spraying the pen area with insecticides eliminates the flies.


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Key References: <medvet.ref.htm> <Hexapoda> [Additional references may be found at: MELVYL Library]


Dick, C. W. 2006. Checklist of World Hippoboscidae (Diptera: Hippoboscoidea). Chicago Dept.Zool., Field Mus. Nat. Hist.

Hutson, A.M. 1984. Diptera: Keds, flat-flies & bat-flies (Hippoboscidae & Nycteribiidae). Handbks. Ident. British Insects 10 pt 7. Roy. Ent. Soc.

London. p. 84.

Jackson S. W. & W. Nixon. 1992. Incidence of louse-flies (Hippoboscidae) in some Alaskan birds. North American Bird Bander. 17 (2): 658

Matheson, R. 1950. Medical Entomology. Comstock Publ. Co, Inc. 610 p.

Service, M. 2008. Medical Entomology For Students. Cambridge Univ. Press. 289 p

Legner, E. F. 1995. Biological control of Diptera of medical and veterinary importance. J. Vector Ecology 20(1): 59-120.

Legner, E. F.. 2000. Biological control of aquatic Diptera. p. 847-870. Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera, Vol. 1, Science Herald,

Budapest. 978 p.

Maa, T. C. 1969. a Revised Checklist & Concise Host Index of Hippoboscidae (Diptera). Pacific Insects Monog., Honolulu: Bishop Museum,

Honolulu, Hawaii. 20: 261299.

Petersen, F. T. & R. K. Meier, et. al. 2007. The phylogeny and evolution of host choice in the Hippoboscoidea (Diptera) as reconstructed using

four molecular markers.". Mol. Phylogenetics &Evolution. 45 (1): 111122.


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