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                                  REFERENCES TO HEXAPODA & INSECTS




REFERENCES:  [Additional references may be found at  MELVYL Library ]


Alford, D. V. 1968. The biology and immature stages of Syntretus splendidus (Marshall) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Euphorinae). Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond.

        120: 375-93.

Askew, R. R. 1968. Chalcidoidea, Elasmidae and Eulophidea (Elachertinae, Eulophinae, Euderinae). Handbk. Ident. Br. Insects 8 (2b).

Baerends, G. P. 1941. Fortpflanzungsverhalten und Orientierung der Grabwespe, Ammophila camprestis Jur. Tijdschr. Ent. 84: 68-275.

Baumann, C. 1939. Über den Legeapparat von Baryconus rufipes Kieff. (Hym. Proct.) und seine Bezeihungen zum Abdominalhöcker. Int. Cong. Ent. 1938, 2:


Beck, D. E. 1933. A morphological study of the male genitalia of various genera of bees. Proc. Utah Acad. Sci. 10: 89-137.

Beirne, B. P. 1941. The British species of Diplazonini (Bassini auctt.).... (Hym. Ichneum.). Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. Longon 91: 661-712.

Bellows, T. S., Jr. & T. W. Fisher, (eds) 1999. Handbook of Biological Control: Principles and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.  1046 p.

Benson, R. B. 1950. An introduction to the natural history of British Sawflies (Hymenoptera Symphyta). Trans. Soc. Br. Ent. 10: 45-142.

Benson, R. B. 1951-58. Hymenoptera, Symphyta. Handbk. Ident. Br. Insects 6 (1a, b & c).

Betrem, J. G. 1952. Remarks concerning the frontal part s of the head of some Hymenoptera. Internatl. Cong. Ent. 1951, 1: 97-100.

Bischoff, H. 1927. Biologie der Hymenopteren. Publ., Berlin.

Blackwelder, R. E. & R. M. Blackwelder. 1961. Directory of zoological taxonomists of the world. Southern Illinois Univ. Press, Carbondale. 404 p.

Bolton, B. & C. A. Collingwood. 1975. Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Handbk. Indent. Br. Insects 6 (3c).

Boulangé, H. 1924. Recherches sur l'appareil copulateur des Hyménopterès et spécialement des Chalastogastres. Mém Trav. Fac. Cathol. Lille 28. 44 p.

Brothers, D. J. 1975. Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptear, with special reference to the Mutillidae. Kansas Univ. Sci. Bull. 50: 483-648.

Burks, B. D. 1938. A study of chalcidoid wings (Hymenoptera0. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 31: 157-60.

Chrystal, R. N. 1930. Studies of the Sirex parasites. Oxt. For. Mem. 11: 63 p.

Clausen, C. P. 1940. Entomophagous Insects. McGraw-Hill, NY. & London. 688 p.

Clausen, C. P. 1942. The relation of taxonomy to biological control. Econ. Ent. 35: 744-48.

Common, I. F. B. 1958. A revision f the pink bollworms on cotton (Pectinophora) [Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]) and related genera in Australia. Aust. J. Zool.

       6: 268-306.

Compere, H. 1961. The red scale and its natural enemies. Hilgardia 31: 1-271.

Compere, H. 1969. The role of systematics in biological control: a backward look. Israel J. Ent. 4: 5-10.

Compere, H. & D. Rosen. 1970. The prescutum in Hymenoptera. Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. (A) 45: 91-7.

Cooper, K. W. 1954. Egg-gigantism, oviposition and phylogenetic position of Orussus (Hymenoptera: Siricoidea). Proc. Rochester Acad. Sci. 10: 38-68.

Crosskey, R. W. 1951. The morphology, taxonomy, and biology of the British Evanioidea (Hymenoptera). Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. 102: 247-301.

Danks, H. V. 1988. Systematics in support of entomology. Ann. Rev. Ent. 33: 271-96.

DeBach, P. 1959. New species and strains of Aphytis (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) parasitic on the California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.), in the

       Orient. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 52: 354-62.

DeBach, P. 1960. The importance of taxonomy to biological control as illustrated by the cryptic history of Aphytis holoxanthus n. sp. (Hymenoptera:

       Aphelinidae), a parasite of Chrysomphalus aonidum, and Aphytis coheni n. sp., a parasite of Aonidiella aurantii. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53: 701-05.

DeBach, P. 1969. Uniparental, sibling and semi-species in relation to taxonomy and biological control. Isr. J. Ent. 4: 11-28.

DeBach, P., D. Rosen & C. E. Kennett. 1971. Biological control of coccids by introduced natural enemies. p. 165-94. In: C. B. Huffaker (ed.), Biological Control.

        Plenum Press, New York.

Delucchi, V. 1964. Une nouvelle espece d'Aphytis du groupe chilensis Howard (Hym., Chalcidoidea, Aphelinidae). Rev. Path. Veg. et Ent. Agr. Fr. 43: 135-40.

Delucchi, V. 1966. The significance of biotaxonomy to biological control. Mushi 39: 119-25.

Delucchi, V. 1967. The significance of biotaxonomy to biological control. Mushi Suppl. 3: 119-25.

Delucchi, V. & G. Remaudiere (eds.). 1966. Index of Entomophagous Insects. Librairie Francois, Paris, (5 vols.)

DeLucchi, V., D. Rosen & E. I. Schlinger. 1976. Relationship of systematics to biological control, p. 81-91. In: C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory

       and Practice of Biological Control. Academic Press, New York. 788 p.

Donisthorpe, H. St., J. K. 1927. British Ants. Their Life-history and Classification, 2nd. ed. Publ., London.

Doutt, R. L. 1967. Biological control, p. 3-30. In: W. W. Kilgore & R. L. Doutt (eds.), Pest Control: Biological, Physical and Selected Chemical Methods.

       Academic Press, New York. 477 p.

Duncan, C. D. 1939. A contribution to the biology of North-American vespine wasps. Stan. Univ. Publs. Biol. Sci. 8: 272 p.

Eady, R. D. 1968. Some illustrations of microsculpture in Hymenoptera. Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. (A) 43: 66-71.

Eady, R. D. 1974. The present stage of nomenclature of wing venation in the Braconidae (Hymenoptera); its origins and comparison with related groups.

       J. Ent. (B) 43: 63-72.

Eady, R. D. & J. Quinlan. 1963. Cynipoidea. Key to the families and subfamilies and Cynipinae (including galls). Handbk. Ident. Br. Insects 8 (1)a.

Enslin, H. E. 1912-18. Die Tenthredinoidea Mitteleuropas. Beih. Dtsch. ent. Z. 1912-17. 720 p.

Evans, H. E. 1956-59. Studies on the larvae of digger wasps (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae). Part I, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 81: 131-53. Part 2, 82: 35-66, 13. Part 3,

        83: 79-117. Part 4, 84: 109-39. Part 5, 85: 137-91. [Parts 1 & 2 with C. E. Lin].

Evans, H. E. 1959a. The larvae of Pompilidae (Hymenoptera). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 52: 430-44.

Evans, H. E. 1959b. The larvae of the Ampulicidae (Hymenoptera). Ent. News 70: 56-61.

Evans, H. E. 1964. The classification and evolution of digger wasps as suggested by larval characters (Hymenoptera: Sphecoidea). Ent. News 75: 225-37.

Ferrière, G. & G. J. Kerrich. 1958. Chalcidoidea: Agaontidae, Leucospidae, Chalcididae, Eucharitidae, Perilampidae, Cleonymidae, Thysanidae. handbk.

        Ident. Br. Insects 8 (2a).

Ferris, G. F. 1940. The myth of the thoracic sternites of insects. Microentomology 5: 87-90.

Finlayson, T. 1963. Taxonomy of cocoons and puparia and their contents, of Canadian parasites of some native Diprionidae (Hymenoptera). Canad. Ent. 95:


Gordh, G. 1977. Biosystematics of natural enemies. p. 125-48. In: R. L. Ridgeway and S. V. Vinson (eds.), Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural

        Enemies. Plenum Press, New York.

Gordh, G. 1982. Taxonomic recommendations concerning new species important to biological control. Intern. J. Ent. 1(1): 15-19.

Gordh, G. & J. W. Beardsley. 1999. Taxonomy and biological control. In: Bellows, T. S., Jr. & T. W. Fisher, (eds), Handbook of Biological Control: Principles

       and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 1046 p.

Gordh, G. & J. Hall. 1979. A critical point drier used as a method of mounting insects from alcohol. Ent. News 90: 57-9.

Graham, M. W. R. de V. 1969. The Pteromalidae of northwestern Europe (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Ent.) Suppl. 16: 1-980.

Grissell, E. E. & M. E. Schauff. 1990. A Handbook of the Families of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Publ. Ent. Soc. Wash.. Cushing-Malloy, Ann

       Arbor, MI. 85 p.

Hafez, M. & R. L. Doutt. 1954. Biological evidence of sibling species in Aphytis maculicornis (Masi) (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae). Canad. Ent. 86: 90-6.

Haupt, H. 1938. Zur Kenntnis der Dryinidae4. I. Z. Naturw. 92: 13-35.

Hedicke, H. & G. J. Kerrich. 1940. A revision of the family Liopteridae (Hymenopt., Cynipoidea). Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. 90: 177-225.

Holdaway, F. G. 1926. The pink bollworm of Queensland. Bull. Ent. Res. 17: 67-83.

Holdaway, F. G. 1929. Confirmatory evidence of the validity of the species Pectinophora scutigera Holdaway (Queensland pink bollworm, from a study of the

       genitalia). Bull. Ent. Res. 20: 179-85.

Holway, F. T. 1935. Preliminary note on the structure of the pretarsus and its possible phylogenetic significance. Psyche, Camb. 42: 1-24.

Höppner, H. 1904. Zur Biologie der Rubus Bewohner. Allg. Z. Ent. 9: 97-103.

Huffaker, C. B. & C. E. Kennett. 1966. Biological control of Parlatoria oleae (Colvée) through the compensatory action of two introduced parasites. Hilgardia 37:


Hung, A. C. F. 1982. Chromosome and isozyme studies in Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 84: 791-96.

Huxley, J. 1940. Toward the new systematics. p. 1-46. In: J. Huxley (ed.), The New Systematics. Oxford Univ. Press, London.

Imms, A. D. 1957. A General Textbook of Entomology, 9th ed. Publ., London.

Iwata, K. 1942. Comparative studies on the habits of solitary wasps. Tenthredo 4: 1-46.

Jardak, T., B. Pintureau & J. Voegele. 1979. Mise en evidence d'une nouvelle espece de Trichogramma (Hym., Trichogrammatidae). Phenomene d'intersexualite;

       etude enzymatique. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (N.S.) 15: 635-42.

Kieffer, J. J. 1914a. Bethylidae. Das Tierreich 41. Publ., Berlin.

Kloet, G. S. & W. D. Hincks. 1945. A Check List of British Insects. Stockport Publ., England.

Kogan, M. & E. F. Legner. 1970. A biosystematic revision of the genus Muscidifurax (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) with descriptions of four new species. Canad.

       Ent. 102: 1268-1290.

Knutson, L. 1981. Symbiosis of biosystematics and biological control. p. 61-78. In: G. C. Papavizas (ed.), Biological Control in Crop Production. Beltsville

       Symposium in Agricultural Research, Symposium 5. Allanheld, Osmun, Totowa.

Kogan, M. & E. F. Legner. 1970. A biosystematic revision of the genus Muscidifurax (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) with description of four new species. Canad.

        Ent. 102: 1268-90.

Labeyrie, V. 1961. Taxonomie, écologie et lutte biologique. Entomophaga 6: 125-130.

Labeyrie, V. 1964. Taxonomie et écologie. E.N.S.A.T., Bull. Trim. Ass. ing. Anciens Eleves Janvier. p. 11-14.

Lanham, U. R. 1951. Review of the wing venation of the higher Hymenoptear (suborder Clistogastra), and speculation on the phylogeny of the Hymenoptera.

       Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 44: 614-28.

Legner, E. F. & M. Kogan. 1969. The scanning electron microscope offers new techniques for diagramming diagnostic characters on insects. Calif. Agric.

       23(9): 1, 4-5.

Legner, E. F., I. Moore & G. S. Olton. 1976. Tabular keys and biological notes to common parasitoids and synanthropic Diptera breeding in accumulated animal

       wastes. Entomol. News 87(3 & 4): 113-144.     Legner (See Additional Publications)

Le Pelley, R. H. 1935. The common coffee mealybug of Kenya (Hem. Coccidae). Stylops 4: 185-88.

Le Pelley, R. H. 1943. The biological control of a mealy bug on coffee and other crops in Kenya. Empire J. Expt. Agric. 11(42): 78-88.

Malyshev, S. I. 1936. The nesting habits of solitary bees. Eos. Madr. 11: 201-309.

Marsden-Jones, E. M. 1953. A study of the life-cycle of Adleria kollari Hartig, the Marble of Devonshire gall. Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. 104: 195-222.

Marshall, T. A. 1889-1900. Species des Hyménoptères composant le groupe des Braconides, etc. In: E. André, Species d'Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algerie

       4, 5, 5 (bis. Gray (Haute-Saône).

Mason, W. R. M. 1971. An Indian Agriotypus (Hym., Agriotypidae). Canad. Ent. 103: 1521-24.

Matsuda, R. 1960. A new interpretation of the pleurosternal region of the hymenopterous thorax. Acta Hymenopt. Fukuoka 1: 109-13.

McKenzie, H. L. 1937. Morphological differences distinguishing California red scale, yellow scale, and related species (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Univ. Calif.

       Publ. Ent. 6: 323-35.

Michener, C. D. 1944. Comparative external morphology, phylogeny and a classification of the bees (Hymenoptera). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 82: 157-326.

Michener, C. D. 1944a. A comparative study of the appendages of the eighth and ninth abdominal segments of insects. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 37: 336-51.

Michener, C. D. 1953. Comparative morphological and systematic studies of bee larvae with a key to the families of hymenopterous larvae. Univ. Kansas Sci.

       Bull. 35: 987-1102.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1971a. A new genus and species of rove beetle from California (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 25(2): 51-53.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1971b. Bryothinusa chani, a new species of marine beetle from Hong Kong (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 25(3):


Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1971c. Host records of parasitic staphylinids of the genus Aleochara in America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer.

        64(5): 1184-1185.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1971d. A review of the Nearctic species of Platystethus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 47(4): 260-264.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1972a. A new alpine species of Unamis from California (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 26(1): 21-22.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1972b. A new species of Microedus from the Sierra Nevada Mountains (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 26(2): 75-78.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1972c. A bit about beach beetles and habitat destruction. Environment Southwest No. 445, June-July. p 7.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1972d. Museum collections for future students. Environment Southwest No. 449, Dec. p 8.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1972e. Two new species of Orus from California. The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48(4): 249-252.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1972f. Laetulonthus, a new genus for Philonthus laetulus Say (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). J. New York Entomol. Soc. 89(4): 212-215.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973a. The genera of the Piestinae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Entomol. News 84: 117-131.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973b. Speculation on the distribution of the southern California species of Cafius with a new record from the Salton Sea (Coleoptera:

       Staphylinidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 49(3): 279-280.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973c. A new host record for the parasitic rove beetle Aleochara bipustulata L. (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Entomol. News 84(7): 250.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973d. Succession of the coleopterous fauna in wrack. Wasman J. Biol. 31(2): 289-290.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973e. The genera of the subfamilies Phloeocharinae and Olisthaerinae of America north of Mexico with description of a new genus

       and new species from Washington (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Canad. Entomol. 105(1): 35-41.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973f. The larva and pupa of Carpelimus debilis Casey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Psyche 80(4): 289-294.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973g. Progression north of two species of rove beetles in California (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 27(1): 45-46.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1973h. Beneficial insects: neglected "good guys." Environment Southwest 454: 5-7.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974a. Have all the known cosmopolitan Staphylinidae been spread by commerce? Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 76(1): 39-40.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974b. Seashore entomology, a neglected fruitful field for the study of biosystematics. Insect World Digest 1(4): 20-24.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974c. The genera of the Lispininae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 28(2): 77-84.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974d. The genera of the Osoriinae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). The Coleopterists Bull. 28(3): 115-119.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974e. The genera of the subfamilies Pseudopsinae and Proteininae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Entomol.

       News 85: 13-18.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974f. Notes on Bledius ornatus (LeConte) a seashore beetle, with description of the larva (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Wasmann J. of

        Biology 32(1): 141-145.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974g. A catalogue of the taxonomy, biology and ecology of the developmental stages of the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of America

       north of Mexico. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 47(4): 469-478.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974h. Bibliography (1758 to 1972) to the Staphylinidae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera). Hilgardia 42(16): 511-547.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1974i. Keys to the genera of the Staphylinidae of America north of Mexico exclusive of the Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).

       Hilgardia 42(16): 548-563.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1975a. A catalogue of the Staphylinidae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera). Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. of Calif. Special Publ. 3015:

       514 pp.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1975b. Revision of the genus Endeodes LeConte with a tabular key to the species (Coleoptera: Melyridae). J. New York Entomol. Soc

       . 83(2): 70-81.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1975c. Orus femineus, a new species of Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) from Florida. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 77(4): 491-493.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1975d. A study of Bryothinusa (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), comparing a tabular and a dichotomous key to the species. Bull. Southern

       Calif. Academy of Science 74(3): 109-112.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1976. Intertidal rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). In: "Marine Insects", L. Cheng (ed.). pp. 521-51. North-Holland Publ. Co.,

        Amsterdam. 581 pp.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1977a. The developmental stages of Endeodes LeConte (Coleoptera: Melyridae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 79(2): 172-175.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1977b. A report on some intertidal Staphylinidae from Sonora, Mexico with four new genera (Coleoptera). Pacific Insects 17(4): 459-471.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1978. The importance of taxonomy in biological control as exemplified by rove beetles. Newsletter Michigan Entomol. Soc. 23(3 & 4):

       1, 5.

Moore, I. & E. F. Legner. 1979. An illustrated guide to the genera of the Staphylinidae of America north of Mexico exclusive of the Aleocharinae (Coleoptera).

        Div. Agr. Sci. Univ. of Calif. Publ. 4093: 332 pp.

Moore, I., E. F. Legner & T.-D. Chan. 1973. A review of the genus Bryothinusa with descriptions of three new species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Entomol.

       News 84: 73-81.

Moore, I., E. F. Legner & M. E. Badgley. 1975. Description of the developmental stages of the mite predator, Oligota oviformis Casey, with notes on the

       osmeterium and its glands (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Psyche 82(2): 181-188.

Morley, C. 1903-14. Ichneumonologia Britannica, 5 vols. Publ., Plymouth, England.

Nagarkatti, S. V. & H. Nagaraja. 1977. Biosystematics of Trichogramma and Trichogrammatoidea species. Ann. Rev. Ent. 22: 157-76.

Nielsen, E. T. 1932-36. Sur les habitudes des Hyménoptères aculéates solitares. I-V. Ent. Meddr. 18(1932): 1-57. 18: 84-174. 18(1933): 259-348. 18(1934): 421-72.

        19(1936): 300-84.

Nixon, G. E. J. 1938. A preliminary revision of the Proctotrupidae. Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. Lond. 87: 431-66.

Nixon, G. E. J. 1943-45. A revision of the European Dacnusini (Hym., Braconidae, Dacnusinae). Ent. Mon. Mag. 79 to 81.

Nixon, G. E. J. 1957. Proctotrupoidea. Diapriidae subfamily Belytinae. Handbk. Ident. Br. Insects 8 (1a).

Nixon, G. E. J. 1972. A revision of the north-western European species of the laevigatus-group of Apanteles Förster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Bull. Ent. Res.

        61: 701-43.

Nixon, G. E. J. 1973. A revision of the north-western European species of the vitripennis, pallipes, octonarius, triangulator, fraternus, formosus, parasitellae,

       metacarpalis and circumscriptus-groups of Apanteles Förster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bull. Ent. Res. 63: 169-228.

Nixon, G. E. J. 1974. A revision of the north-eastern European species of the glomeratus-group of apanteles Förster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bull. Ent. Res.

       64: 453-524.

Nixon, G. E. J. 1976. A revision of the north-western European species of the merula, lacteus, vipio, ultor, ater, butalidis, popularis, carbonarius and validus-groups

       of Apanteles Förster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bull. Ent. Res. 65: 687-732.

Nur, U. 1977. Electrophoretic comparison of enzymes of sexual and parthenogenetic mealybugs (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Bull. Virginia Polytech.

        Inst. St. Univ. Res. Div. 127: 69-84.

Oehlke, J. 1966. Moderne taxonomische Forschung. Grundlage für Prognose und Methoden u. Bekämpfung von Schadinsekten, dargestellt am Beispiel der Kiefernbuschhornblattwespe (Diprioninae) und ihre Parasiten (Ichneumonidae). Arch. Forstw. 15: 953-58.

Oehlke, J. 1969. Beiträge zur Insektenfauna der D.D.R. Hymenoptera. Bestimmungstabellen bis zu der Unterfamilien. Beitr. Ent. 19: 753-801.

Oeser, R. 1961. Vergleichend-morphologische Untersuchungen über den Ovipositor der Hymenopteren. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 37: 3-119.

Oeser, R. 1971. Abdominal Basis von Ammophila sabulosa (L., 1758) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 47: 33-42.

Peck, O. 1937. The male genitalia in the Hymenoptera (Insecta); especially in the family Ichneumonidae. Canad. J. Res. (D) 15: 221-74.

Perkins, J. F. 1937. On the British species of Sphecophaga (Hym., Ichneumonidae). Ent. Mon. Mag. 73: 103-04.

Perkins, J. F. 1959-60. 1959, Ichneumonoidea, Ichneumonidae. Key to the subfamilies and Ichneumoninae I; 1960, Ichneumoninae II, Alomyinae, Agriotypinae

       & Lycoriinae. Handbk. Ident. Br. Insects 7 (2ai & 2aii).

Perkins, J. F. 1976. Hymenoptera: Bethyloidea (excluding Chrysididae). Handbk. Indent. Br. Insects 6 (3a).

Perkins, R. C. L. 1919. The British species of Andrena and Nomada. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1919: 218-319.

Pinto, J. D., E. R. Oatman & G. R. Platner. 1986. Trichogramma pretiosum and a new cryptic species occurring sympatrically in southwestern North America

       (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 1019-28.

Pinto, J. D., G. R. Platner & E. R. Oatman. 1978. Clarification of the identity of several common species of North American Trichogramma (Hymenoptera:

       Trichogrammatidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 71: 169-81.

Pintureau, B. & B. Babault. 1981. Caracterisation enzymatique de Trichogramma evanescens et de T. maidis (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae): Etude des hybrides.

        Entomophaga 26: 11-22.

Quezada, J. R., P. DeBach & D. Rosen. 1973. Biological studies of Signiphora borinquensis new species (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae), a primary parasite of

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