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Reknown 19th Century Researchers


In Medical Entomology




Please CLICK on Images to enlarge:                                      Achievements




John H. Comstock



Oswaldo Cruz



W. C. Gorgas



G. Grassi



Leland Howard



C. L. A. LaVerne



Patrick Manson



G. H. Nuttall



Walter Reed



Howard Ricketts



Ronald Ross



F. V. Theobald







Comstock, John Henry -- Began a curriculum of Entomology at Cornell University.


Cruz, Oswaldo -- Director of a laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Gorgas, William Crawford -- Initiated sanitation work in Cuba and Panama based on the yellow fever discoveries

       of Ross & Reed.


Grassi, Giovanni Battista-- Confirmed Ross's work on mosquito transmission of malaria.


Howard, Leland Ossian -- Director of USDA Bureau of Entomology.  Stressed importance of human disease

       spread by insects


Laverne, Charles Louis Alphonse-- Discovered the Malaria parasite in 1880.


Manson, Patrick -- Discovered the role of mosquitoes in the transmission of Filariasis and he formed the theory

       that mosquitoes transmit Malaria.


Nuttall, George Henry Falkiner -- Director of the Molteno Institute, Cambridge, England and stressed the

       importance of insect vectors of human disease.


Reed, Walter -- Confirmed that Aedes aegypti is the vector of yellow fever.


Ricketts, Howard Taylor -- Discovered that the tick Dermacentor andersoni is the vector of Rocky Mountain

        Spotted Fever and contributed to  the discovery that lice (Pediculus humanus) are transmitters of Typhus.


Ross, Ronald -- Proved that mosquitoes are the vectors of Malaria and recommended control measures.


Theobald, Frederick Vincent -- Produced five volumes on mosquitoes of the world



   Key References:     <medvet.ref.htm>


     Matheson, R. 1950.  Medical Entomology.  Comstock Publ. Co, Inc.  610 p.

      Service, M.  2008.  Medical Entomology For Students.  Cambridge Univ. Press.  289 p

      Legner, E. F.  1995.  Biological control of Diptera of medical and veterinary importance.  J. Vector Ecology 20(1): 59-120.

      Legner, E. F..  2000.  Biological control of aquatic Diptera.  p. 847-870.  Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera,

           Vol. 1, Science  Herald, Budapest.  978 p.