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The Rickettsial disease known as Tick Typhus occurs in widely separated regions, such as Siberia, India, East Africa, Australia and America. Different species of Rickettsia and other bacterial genera may be involved in different regions. The disease is also known under different names depending on the region. Service (2008) observed that the ticks (e.g., Amblyomma americanum) are usually believed to be the principal reservoirs of infection, although rodents and other mammals may at times serve as reservoirs. He also noted that both tansovarial and transstadial transmission may occur.
Some of the more important kinds of Tick Typhus are Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Mediterranean Spotted Fever, African Tick-bite Fever, Siberian Tick Typhus, Queensland Tick Typhus and Oriental Tick Typhus. Other unnamed types exist.
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