MEDITERRANEAN SPOTTED FEVER
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This Rickettsia fever is also known as Marseilles Fever, South African Tick Typhus, Kenyan Tick Typhus, Indian Tick Typhus and Crimean Tick Typhus (Service 2008). The causative agent is Rickettsia conorii, which occurs along the littoral of the Mediterranean Sea, Portugal, and Sicily, eastern Russia, India and sub-Saharan Africa. The disease may be related to Boutonneuse Fever, and it also invaded Uruguay in South America.
A sore develops after infection that has been named tache noire., which later is followed by a lymphadenitis.
The main vector is the dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, but Matheson (1950) also includes Haemaphysalis leachi and Amblyomma hebraeum as vectors. Infections in humans and animals are by the bite of the tick, and both transstadial and transovarial transmission occur. Reservoir hosts are the ticks, dogs and rodents. Crushing an infected tick into a wound or near the eyes can result in infection.
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