(Alternate Name = Mediterranean Spotted Fever)
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Boutonneuse Fever was first discovered in Tunisia by Conor & Bruch (Matheson 1950). Subsequently, it was also found in the Mediterranean Sea area from Portugal to Romania, and Matheson (1950) noted its occurrence in Ethiopia. Brumpt (Matheson 1950)) found the causative agent to be the bacterium Rickettsia conorii, and the vector dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Dogs are the most important reservoir hosts along with several rodent species. Matheson noted that the disease is of the "spotted-fever group." He also suggested that Kenya Tick Typhus might be the same disease as the vector, R. sanguineus, also occurs there. There are other names for the disease, and it has leaped the Atlantic Ocean to be found in Uruguay.
Service (2008) reported that both transstadial and transovarial transmission occurs. Reservoir hosts include dogs and ticks. Crushing an infected tick near an abrasion or the eyes can also transmit the Rickettsia.
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