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Scoleciasis generally involves infections caused by the larvae of moths (Lepidoptera) but can include other insect orders as well. The disease is rare and frequently mistaken for other ailments, however Hope (1840) reported on several cases. However, Matheson (1950) noted that the only really reliable case was of a male child who consumed infested raw cabbage, which he subsequently vomited with larvae of the cabbage butterfly, Pieris brassicae. Church (1936) recorded a case where larvae of the Corn Borer, Pyrausta nubilalis, had attacked the body tissues of a woman.
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Church, H. B. 1936. a case of infestation with the corn borer, Pyrausta nubilalis (Scoleciasis). J. Canad Med. Assoc. 668-
Hope, F. W. 1840. On insects and their larvae in the human body. Trans. Ent. Soc. London 2: 256-271.
Legner, E. F. 1995. Biological control of Diptera of medical and veterinary importance. J. Vector Ecology 20(1): 59_120.
Legner, E. F.. 2000. Biological control of aquatic Diptera. p. 847_870. Contributions to a Manual of Palaearctic Diptera, Vol. 1, Sci. Herald,
Budapest. 978 p.
Matheson, R. 1950. Medical Entomology. Comstock Publ. Co, Inc. 610 p.
Service, M. 2008. Medical Entomology For Students. Cambridge Univ. Press. 289 p
Walsh, J. J. 1902. Winged insects and their larvae as parasites of man. Clinical lecture at the New York Polyclinic Hospital.