GAMBIAN SLEEPING SICKNESS
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The parasite of Gambian sleeping sickness is Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. It occurs from West Africa through Central Africa, parts of the Sudan, Congo and Angola (Service 2008). Tsetse fly vectors include Glossina palpalis and G. tachinoides and G. fuscipes. The disease is more or less chronic with mortality after many years of infection. Wild reservoirs of the trypanosome are wild and domestic pigs. The tsetse flies that vector Gambian sleeping sickness are very common at watering holes, river fords and along lake shores, which are places often visited by humans. Therefore, acquisition of the disease is largely limited to those environments.
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