COLORODO TICK FEVER
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A Coltivirus causes this fever, which is found in Western North America from the Dakotas into the Rocky Mountains (Parker et al. 1937). The main vector is the tick, Dermacentor andersoni.
Symptoms of the disease do not involve a rash and the fever is of the remittent type. It is rarely fatal.
The nymphs and larvae draw blood from small mammals such as squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks and woodrats. Both the ticks and small mammals serve as reservoir hosts. Large mammals, such as humans, deer and cattle become infected if infected ticks also draw blood from them. Service (2008) notes that both transstadial and transovarial transmission may occur.
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