Please refer also to the following links for details on this group:
Rhipiceridae = Link 1
The mature larva of Sandalus niger Knoch was taken from a pupa of Cicada that had constructed its emergence burrow and reached the soil surface (Craighead 1921). it was thought to have developed as a parasitoid, and its body showed modifications, such as a reduction in the legs. The larva was robust and the 9th tergum had a sclerotized tip and bore a pair of broadly conical cerci.