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     [Additional Websites and #2 , #3]


References to Ogam Script




       Various authors investigating different ancient writings have referred to them as  "Ogam Script," which has led to some confusion.  Probably the most ancient and first true Ogam are the "Stick Writings" of the West African Igbo culture studied by Catherine Acholonu.  These are a sequence of dots, dashes and symbols carved onto bamboo.  More recent forms of Ogam were found on petroglyphs, animal bone and other substrates.


Acholonu, Catherine (authority on Igbo translations of Ogam Script).


Adomnan, "The Life of Columba". Edited by Alan Orr Anderson; Published by Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd, London and New York, 1961.


Aulestia, Gorka. "Basque - English Dictionary". Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1989.


Aulestia, Gorka. "Improvisational Poetry from the Basque Country", University of Nevada Press, 1995.


Auraicept na n'Ecez, see Calder, George.


Basaldua, Florencio Canut de. "Prehistoria E Historia de la Civilizacion Indigena de Amerika I De Su Destruccion por los Barbaros del Este", Buenos Aires, 1925.


Basaldua, Florencio Canut de. "Prehistoria E Historia de la Civilizacion Indigena de Amerika, I De Su Destruccion por los Barbaros del Este", Toulouse, Imprimerie Régionale, 59 rue Bayard, 1931.


Boland, Charles M. "They All Discovered America". New York: Pocket Books Inc. 1963.


Bradford, John. "Ulysses Found", Hodder, Stoughton, London 1963.


Caesar, Julius. "The Conquest of Gaul". London: Penguin Books, 1951.


Calder, George. "Auraicept na n'Eces". Edinburgh: John Grant, 1917.


Carney, J. "The Invention of the Ogom Cipher." Eriu 26, 53-65; 1975.


Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. "Genes, Peoples and Languages." Scientific American, November 1991.


Christiansson, Hans & Povl Simonsen. "Stone Age finds from Spitsbergen", Acta Borealia B. Humaniora No. 11. Tromso/Oslo/Bergen, Universitetsforlaget, 24pp, 11 figs.


Cox, Richard A.V. "The language of the Ogam Inscriptions of Scotland". Department of Celtic, University of Aberdeen,  Scotland 1999. (I totally disagree with his findings. (E.Nyland).


Diharce de Bidassouet."Histoire des Cantabres". Pau, 1825.


Diop, Cheikh Anta. "Civilization or Barbarism" , Lawrence Hill Books, Brooklyn, 1991.


Eisler, Riane. "The Chalice and the Blade", HarperSanFrancisco, 1987.


Fell, Barry. "America B.C." New York: Quadrangle / The New York Times Book Co., 1977.


Fell, Barry.  1982.  Bronze Age America.  Little Brown & Co., Toronto, Boston.  304 p.


Fester, R. "Sprache der Eiszeit", Die Archetypen der Vox Humana. Berlin 1962; 255 pp.


Friedrich, Johannes. "Extinct Languages", Barnes and Noble Books, 1993.


Frymer-Kensky, Tikva. "In the Wake of the Goddesses",  Fawcett Columbine, New York, 1992.


Furlong, Edward. Personal communication.


Gadon, Elinor W. "The Once and Future Goddess". Harper SanFrancisco, 1989.


Gimbutas, Marija. "The Language of the Goddess". San Francisco: Harper, 1991.


Gimbutas, Marija. . "The World of Old Europe". Harper SanFrancisco 1991.


Gimbutas, Marija. "The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe". Univ.of California Press, Berkeley, 1992.


Guiter, Henri: "La Langue des Pictes", in Boletin de la Real Sociedad Vascongada de los Amigos del Pais, XXIV (San Sebastian, 1968) 281-322.


Guiter, Henri: "La Pensée Picte" in Bulletin de l‘association Guillaume Budé, XXIX (Paris 1970), 259-271.


Gurney, O.R., "The Hittites", Penguin Books Inc., Baltimore 11, Md. 1962.


Henningsen, Gustav: "The Witches Advocate". University of Nevada Press, Reno 1980.


Jackson, Anthony. "The Symbol Stones of Scotland". The Orkney Press, 1984.


Jackson, Anthony. "Pictish Symbol Stones?" Monograph #3, Edinburgh: The Association for Scottish Ethnography, 1993.


Johnson, George "Computers crack language puzzle", The Globe and Mail, January 6, 1996 p.D8.


Jones, Prudence and Nigel Pennick. "A History of Pagan Europe", Publ: Routledge, 1995.


Kramer, Heinrich and James Spencer. The Malleus Maleficarum. New York: Dover Publications, 1971.


Krutwig, Frederico. "Garaldea" , Editorial Txertoa, San Sebastian, 1978.


Lahetjuzan, Dominique. "Essai de Quelques Notes sur la Language Basque par un Vicaire de Campagne sauvage

d'origine." Bayonne, 1808.


Lancre, Pierre de. "Tableau de l'Inconstance des Mauvais Anges et Demons". Paris, 1613.


Lancre, Pierre de. "L'Incredulite et Mescreance du Sortilege." Paris, 1622.


Lahovary, N. "Dravidian Origins and the West". Bombay : Orient Longmans, 1963.


Lea, Henry Charles. "A history of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages", New York 1888, 3 volumes, reprinted New York 1955.


Löpelmann, Martin. "Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Baskischen Sprache". Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1968.


Macalister, R.A.S. Corpus Inscriptionum Insularum Celticarum. Dublin: Stationary Office, Vol. 1: 1945, Vol. 2: 1949.


Muck, Otto. "Cheops et la Grande Pyramide". Payot, Paris, 1978. Translated from German.


McManus, Damien. "A Guide to Ogam." Maynooth Monographs #4. Maynooth, Ireland: An Sagert, 1991.


O'Meara, John J. "The Voyage of St. Brendan". 1976.


van Oostrom, Frits. "Omstreeks 1100", Chapter 1 of Nederlandse Literatuur; ed. M.A.Schenkeveld-van der Dussen. Groningen: Martinus Nijhof, 1993.


Padel, Oliver J. "Inscriptions of Pictland"; M.Litt. University of Edinburgh, 1972.


Patai, Raphael. "The Hebrew Goddess", Wayne State University Press, Detroit, 1990.


Parkinson, Richard. "Cracking Codes, the Rosetta Stone and Deceipherment." University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999.


Pyle, Robert L. "All That Remains". Charleston, WV: Cannon Graphics, Inc., 1991.


Quinn, Bob. "Atlantean, Ireland's North African and Maritime Heritage". Quartet Books, New York, 1986.


Ruhlen, Merritt. "A Guide to the World's Languages", Vol. 1, Classification. Stanford Univ. Press, 1991.


Saks, Edgar V. "Esto-Europa" Studies in Ur-European History, Part II. Montreal/Lund 1966. Distributed by: Verlag Voitleja, Postfach 28, Heidelberg 2, Germany.


Sandars, N.K., "The Sea Peoples", Warriors of the Ancient Mediterranean. Thames and Hudson 1987.


Sanders, Willy. Text of "Der Leidener Willeram", München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1971.


Sanders, Willy. "Der Leidener Willeram". München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1974.


Scaliger, J.J. Quoted from Ladislav Zgusta, "Manual of Lexicography", The Hague: Mouton, 1971, page 15.


Severin, Tim. "The Ulysses Voyage". New York, E.P. Dutton, NAL Penguin Inc. 1987.


Shipley-Ducket, Eleanor. "Alcuin, Friend of Charlemagne". New York: The Macmillan Co., 1951.


Sturluson, Snorri, "Heimskringla, History of the Kings of Norway", translated by Lee M. Hollander. Published by the University of Texas Press, Austin.


de Vooys, C.G.N. "Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse Taal". Groningen: Tjeenk Willink, 1975.


Wagner, Heinrich. "Common problems concerning the early languages of the British Isles and the Iberian Peninsula", Universidad de Salamanca, 1976.


Wagner, Heinrich. "Near Eastern and African Connections with the Celtic World". Chapter in "The Celtic Consciousness", edited by Robert O'Driscoll. Publ. George Braziller, New York, 1982.


Whittall, James P. "Precolumbian Parallels between Mediterranean and New England Archaeology." Occasional Publications of the Epigraphic Society, Vol 3, No 52, 1975.


Wickham-Jones, C.R.: "Scotland's First Settlers", Publ: B.T. Batsford Ltd, Historic Scotland, 1997.


Wittgenstein, L. "Tractatus Logico-philosophicus". London: Routledge and Kegan, 1922.



Contemporary Websites


Catherine Acholonu =


Utah, USA =  


West Virginia, USA =


Cuba =


Paraguay (5 windows)