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For teaching purposes only: 

[References for this review may be found at <Nyland>]






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          In a book published in Ireland called "Atlantean, Ireland's North African and Maritime Heritage " (Quartet Books, New York, 1986), the author Bob Quinn tells of traditions in Libya, which relate that the Gnostic missionaries came from Libya. The population there all had Rh-positive blood types and arrived between 600 and 640 AD. They are the ones who invented the Irish Ogam script.


          The earliest human evidence in Ireland is mentioned by Dr. Michael J. O'Kelly in "Early Ireland" on pages 9 and 10 (Univ. of Cambridge Press 1989). Discussing the period 7,600 bce., he writes: "It is known that man was in Ireland at this time."  Edo Nyland theorizes that these were the Rh-negative. Berber/Basque sailors trading along the west coast of Ireland. However, when we follow the Rh-negative trail northward into the Arctic we find in Finnmark (=Arctic Norway) massive evidence of human hunting activity. This activity was dated to about 5,000 bce. by archaeologist Anders Nummedal, which figure was revised much later to just under 8,000 bce. when more accurate testing became possible. Nummedal immediately noticed the resemblance of the rock carvings with those in the Basque country. At the time, there was apparently a busy trade in reindeer hides from the Arctic to be used as sails in the Mediterranean region. The ships would arrive with salt for hide preservation, olive oil, dates etc. As the North Sea was still dry land, the trade was forced to go around "the outside," hence all the little settlements on the west coast of Ireland.


          Later around 640 AD. the Rh-negative tribes of Ireland probably did not allow their women to mix with Rh-positive Christians from Libya because of the threat of deformed children. This could the reason why the Berbers populated all the western islands of Europe, to get a good distance between their women and the positive tribes. Edo Nyland has two chapters on the subject in his book Odysseus & The Sea Peoples, 2002 (pages 247-264). The fact that the Berbers in Morocco still have 30-40% of their members with Rh-negative blood proves that this separation was taken seriously and very effective.  If not, sickness and death might follow for both mother and child.



For further detail, please refer to:


          Nyland, Edo.  2001.  Linguistic Archaeology: An
               Introduction.   Trafford Publ., Victoria, B.C., Canada.

               ISBN 1-55212-668-4. 541 p. [ see abstract & summary]


          Nyland, Edo.  2002.  Odysseus and the Sea Peoples: A

               Bronze Age History of Scotland  Trafford Publ., Victoria,

               B.C., Canada.  307 p.   [see abstract & summary].