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Dr. Catherine Acholonu:

The Catherine Acholonu Research Center, Abuja, Nigeria


Dr. Erich Fred Legner

The University of California, Riverside and Berkeley, CA




Summary & Introduction


       The Catherine Acholonu Research Center (CARC) is the only organization on the African Continent that is engaged in Research on ancient African stone inscriptions and native Symbols as forms of linguistic expression. At the Rock Arts and Pan African Renaissance Methodologv Workshop held in Kenya (May 23-24) in 2007 under the auspices of the Trust for African Rock Art (TARA) and the Center for Slack and African Arts and African Civilizations (CSAAC), the Catherine Acholonu Research Center made the first ever scientific presentation on African Rock Art as a means of linguistic expression and historical documentation by the ancients, before a gathering of African and non-African stakeholders, archaeologists, historians and anthropologists. The Catherine Acholonu Research Center, through the submission made by its Director, Professor Catherine Acholonu, who is also the Country Ambassador of the UNCCD Forum of Arts and Culture, Nigeria, was able to place the Pre-historic stone inscriptions of Ikom in Cross River State, Nigeria (known as Ikom monoliths) in the 2008 World Monument Fund (WMF) Watch List 0/ 100 Most Endangered Sites. "rhe WMF entry on IKom monoliths emphasized that Ikom monoliths inscriptions represented "a lost form of writing before 2,000 S.c.". By thls the Catherine Acholonu Research Center has succeeded in putting it on global record that ancient Africans had an indigenous form of writing and that they wrote on stone betore 2.000 B.C. This is a great achievement of the Center and its Director, Prof. Catherine Acholonu who personally made the submission from scientific data gathered through her research.


       Ogam is one of the forms of linguistic expression invented by Africans in ancient times. We know this because, even though Ogam has not been translated by any of the international scholars who have been researching and transcribing it since the turn of the 20th Century, we have succeed, where others have failed, to translate Ogam into rneaningful passages, wise sayings, proverbs and philosophical statements (see our numerous articles on the subject -some, posted on our website, some published on the Christine Pellech website and others also published by UNESCO Nigeria). Our 20 years of research on the contributions of ancient Africans to World Civilizations (published in three full length publications totalling (1,600 pages of research findings) have provided conclusive evidence that aPrehistorie African world conqueror and civilizer, known in ancient mythologies of the world by the name of Kush had created aPre-historie civilization in West Africa from where he and his armies, and ministers travelled all around the world, bringing the first knowledge of religion, astronomy, alchemy or magie and writing.


       Kush had an empire in the African rain forest known in various mythologies by such names as Tilmun, Punt, Meluhha, Biafra, Western Ethiopia and Old Kingdom Egypt. Its capital city was excavated in the 1950s by British archaeologistThurstan Shaw. But Shaw (for reasons known to him alone) hid the fact that he had discovered a lost city. His dating of 900 A.D. was of course false, since he was operating ab initio from a perspective of withholding vital information. Catherine Acholonu Research Center has done extensive research on this lost civilization of Kush and discovered that the writings they gave to the world included Ogam, and Ogam has been successfully translated into the native language of the people in whose land the lost city is located. That land and its people and language are calied IGBO/IBO -the city itself was known in ancient Egypt as Yebu or Heliopolis. It is located in West Africa, Nigeria to be precise. Its old name was Igbo and lts new name since colonial times is Igbo Ukwu.




       This dictionary will help in simple and short expressions, but for very long and complicated ones, a comprehensive Dictionary of Igbo Language will be needed.


Important Pronouns:




m -I/me/my/mine; a ...m as in ß. ga m -I will; A na m -I am (present continuous tense)

i -you

o - he/she

a -impersonal pronoun/one (when the consonant is followed by open vowels e.g. a gaa, a lia);

e -impersonal pronoun/one (when the consonant is followed by open vowels e, i, e, o, e.g. e mee, e loo


       Examples of open vowels are Igbo /i/ as in English 'meat'; closed vowel as in Igbo /i/ (English 'kit'; Igbo sound /o/ as in English 'mutton' is closed, while /o/ as in English 'mould' is open.



unu -you (pi)

halwa/wo -they

ndi -those who




m/mu -me, to me

gi -you/to you

ya -him/her/to him/her

mmadu -one/someone (impersonal)


anyi-us/to us

unu -you (pl)/to you

ha -them/to them

ndi mmadu -people (impersonal, pl).


       A change of tone changes the same sentence into an affirmative statement (I si -You say. You said) a conditional statement (I si -If you say.), or a question (I si? -Did you say?). The word 'na' is very important because it is an all purpose gerund. It stands for 'and' (mu na gi -me and you); 'continuous tense' (I !19.-aga -You are going); 'that' (I si !19. -You say that); 'but' -ma na (e.g. but you are going -ma-na i na-aga); 'with' (He is going with you -Ya na gi na-aga).





     The following are Igbo words in which the second letter from the left is as shown at the beginning of the list.  (e.g.,  Aba  (2nd letter is a "b").  The first and last letter of the word is either spelled as a noun or sounds like one.



     CLICK  on letter to locate words with specific consonant:



          B,    C,    D,    F,    G,    H,    J,    K,    L,    M,    N,    NY,    P,    KP,    Q/KW


                                                R,    S,    T,    V,    W,    Y,    Z





1.    Aba a -When one enters ... (transitive)

2.    Aba -Not to enter into... ; also name of a town in


3.    A bia -When one comes ...; name of a State in Igbo

        land  (o bia -when he comes)

4.    Abu -Song

5.    Ebe -Where; Oracle; flying

6.    Ebi -Dwelling

7.    Ebo -Mound; when one is accused of...

8.    Ebu -Hornet; getting fat

9.    Iba -Fever; the process of entering

10.  lbe -PatrHineage; paternal relatives

11.  Ibi -Swelling of the scrotum

12.  Ibo -(Another spelling for 'Igbo'), accusing falsely,

        placing (a load) on ...

13.  Ibu -Fat; the process of carrying

14.  Oba -Barn

15.  Obe -Cross

16.  Obi -Heart; main hall of a man's homestead

17.  Obo -Scabbard

18.  Obu -Ibis bird

19.  Uba -Riches

20.  Ube -Native pear; cry; lance

21.  Ubi -Farm land

22.  Ubo -Scabbard

23.  Ubu -Scramble




24.  Acha -Name of a grain grown in Northern Nigeria

        assoeiated with famine

25.  A cho (o) -When one finds/looks fo... r; (na-aeho -

        is looking for)

26.  Achi -A seed for soup-making; name of a town

27.  Achu -Pursuing

28.  Eehe -Trimming a tree by cutting; thinking ,


29.  Echi -Tomorrow (fchlchi-Initation; fehl echiehi-

        taking an initiation)

30.  Echu -Beeome bad; collecting (water)

31.  Icha -Yellowing; passing (some on) by

32.  lehe - The Proeess of guarding; thinking (When a

       verb is preceded by the letter i, it implies a process

        or the second person pronoun.)

33.  lehi -Taking an initiation or eoronation

34.  Icho -looking for (a missing item)

35.  Ichu -Scaring away (something or someone)

36.  Oche -Seat/chair

37.  Ochi -Rectum

38.  Ocho -He who seeks

39.  Ochu -He who seeks

40.  Uche -Thought; mind

41.  Uchu -Curse; attention




42.  Ada - Daughter, fall, infant vomit

43.  Adi - Not being (in astate of... )

44.  Ado - Protecting; (ado o -when one plants)

45.  Adu - Seed yam

46.  Ede - Cocoyam; writing

47.  Edi - Hyana

48.  Edo - Yellow; raining

49.  Edu - Guiding (o na edu -he is guiding; i na edu -

        you are guiding)

50.  Ida - Falling

51.  Ide -Writing

52.  Idi - Being in astate of...

53.  Ido - Keeping; contesting for

54.  Idu - Leading; guiding

55.  Oda - He who falls

56.  Ode - He who writes

57.  Odi - It is (o di mma -It is good)

58.  Odo - He who insists on having

59.  Odu - Tall; elephant tusk as a symbol of initiation

60.  Uda - A kind of spice; loud sound

61.  Ude - Loud sound; fame

62.  Udi - Name of a place; type

63.  Udo - Peace; Robe

64.  Udu - Calabash pot; wine pot or jar




65.  Afa - Name; oracle; (afaa - when one squeezes…)

66.  Afe - Dress

67.  Afi (ko) - When … is crumbled

68.  Afo -Belly/ Stomach; year -Orlu dialect

69.  A fu -When one sees {transitive} ...

70.  Efe -Flying; dress; spare time

71.  Efi -Cow (migrant Igbo dialect)

72.  Efo -Dawning; Chi elo -The day is dawning.

73.  Efu -Baseless; getting lost

74.  Ifa -Squeezing

75.  lfe -Flying; Worshipping

76.  lfi -Maka ifi -Due to; because of

77.  Ifo -Folktale; pulling out (by the root)

78.  Ifu -Getting lost

79.  Ofa -(Ofaa) If he squeezes

80.  Ofe -Native soup; across

81.  Ofo -If it remains; Piece of wood used to invoke

        divine power

82.  Ofu -One

83.  Ufe -Flight; swindle; lies

84.  Ufo -Inner room of a titled man

85.  Ufu -Fox




86.  Aga -Childless, Will it be ... ? {e.g Aga as; na ...? -

        Will it be said that...?

87.  Ago -Defense

88.  Agu -Lion, a powerful person; Aguu/Aguru -hunger

89.  Ege -Listening

90.  Ego -Money; a girl's common name

91.  Egu -A kind of edible caterpillar

92.  Iga -Going; snatch (from)

93.  Ige -Listening

94.  Igo -Buying; offering to ,propitiating (a god)

95.  Igu -Counting; palm frond

96.  Oga -It will, he will, she will

97.  Oge -Time; when

98.  Ogo -In-Iaw; kindness; gracious

99.  Ogu -Fight; battle; stick; Divine Justice

100.  Uga -Name of place; passing of time

101.  Uge -Dregs ofthe palm-wine bottle (a nourishing


102.  Ugo -Falcon; eagle

103.  Ugu -A legume for cooking native soup




104.  Aha -Name (ahaa -to let go of)

105.  Ahi -Squeezing

106.  Aho -Choosing; year -Orsu dialect; a kind of dish

107.  Ahu -Body; one sees; shaking

108.  Ehe -Underbelly; (ehee/ehepu -removing


109.  Ehi -Cow in the autochthon dialect

110.  Ehuo -Bowing in reverence (Ehuo-ro -bowing in

          reverence tor)

111.  Ehu -bending down

112.  Iha/lra -To spare (a culprit, something cut in a net)

113.  Ihe Ilfe-A thing; light; to pull in ( the stomach

          throughbreathing in)

114.  Ihi/iti -Cause (maka ihi/ifl-because ot)

115.  Iho/ito -Folktale

116.  Ihu/iru -Face

117.  Oha --People; masses

118.  Ohe --Ohere (space)

119.  Ohu --Slave; twenty

120.  Uha --A legume for cooking native soup




121.  Aja -Sand; offering made to a god

122.  Aji --Hair; a kind of Big tree

123.  Ajo --Evil (adjective),

124.  A ju --When one refuses (transitive) ...

125.  Eje--Going

126.  Eji Holding on to

127.  Eju -Snail

128.  Ija -To Hide

129.  Ije -To go; walk; gait

130.  Iji -To hold; you are holding

131.  Ijo --To be ugly

132.  Iju --To be plentiful; you are full of

133.  Oja -Flute

134.  Oje --He who goes ...

135.  Oji -Kola-nut; Staff of spiritual authority; black;

          dark; tree with large trunk

136.  Ojoo -Ugly

137.  Oju --Broken piece of earthenware pot

138.  Uja --Dog's bark; shouting

139.  Ujp - Fear

140.  Uju - Bounty; plentiful




141.  Aka -Hand; A specie of snakes

142.  Aki -Oil palm nut/nut

143.  Ako -Wisdom; Prudence

(143b)  Akpu -Fufu; cassava start meal

144.  Aku -Termites; Cocoa nut; Oil paIm nut; (akuo -

          when one plants...)

145.  Eke -python; a name of one of the four Igbo

         market days; creation

146.  Eko -Swelling

147.  Eku -Wooden spoon; spooning, shoveling

148.  Ika -To be greater than; to speak forth

149.  Ike -Strength; to divide; to tie