The three species of golden-plovers are all famous as world travelers, migrating between their Arctic breeding grounds and distant wintering sites (some as far away as the southern hemisphere).
These are American golden-plovers (identifiable from their long wings and relatively small amount of white on the sides). In the continental US, these elegant
birds are seen mainly during their long migrations between their Arctic
breeding grounds and their winter range in South America. They like drier
patches of tundra and lay their four large eggs directly on the ground.
The male in the two upper photos is incubating in a patch of flowers near Churchill, Manitoba.
The others, also near nests (below) were on the coastal tundra near Barrow, Alaska. Females (below, left) are slightly less clearly marked than males.